US Treasury Official Clarifies Stance on Crypto Mixing Services, Impact on Bitcoin (BTC) and Ethereum (ETH) Users

  • The U.S. Treasury clarifies its stance on cryptocurrency mixing services.
  • FinCEN’s proposed rule aims to enhance transparency in crypto transactions.
  • Brian Nelson emphasizes the balance between privacy and preventing illicit activities.

Discover how the U.S. Treasury’s latest stance on crypto mixers impacts the industry, balancing transparency and privacy.

US Treasury’s Position on Crypto Mixing Services

The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) proposed a rule last year to classify convertible crypto mixing as a “class of transactions” with primary money laundering concerns. This regulation would be the agency’s first use of its authority under Section 311 of the Patriot Act to target a specific class of transactions. However, the U.S. Department of the Treasury is not seeking to ban cryptocurrency mixers, according to Brian Nelson, the Treasury’s Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence.

Speaking at CoinDesk’s annual Consensus conference in Austin, Nelson addressed concerns about FinCEN’s 2023 proposal, which also mandates virtual asset service providers (VASPs) to report transactions involving mixers. CVC mixing involves facilitating virtual currency transactions in a way that hides the source, destination, or amount of the transactions, according to the agency.

Risks and Regulatory Measures

The lack of transparency surrounding crypto mixers poses money laundering and security risks, with illicit actors such as Hamas, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad, and North Korea involved in the activity, according to FinCEN. The proposed rule would require covered financial institutions, including banks, to report any transactions they know, suspect, or have reason to suspect involving CVC mixing.

The crypto industry interpreted FinCEN’s proposal and the U.S. Department of Justice’s enforcement actions against mixing services like Tornado Cash and Samourai Wallet as steps toward a blanket ban on crypto mixers. Nelson, however, firmly denied this interpretation.

“At the end of the day, this [proposal] is not a ban on mixers,” Nelson stated. “This is a proposed rule designed to drive transparency.”

Industry Reactions and Expert Opinions

Nelson added that he understands crypto users’ desire for financial privacy but highlighted the need to balance privacy with preventing terrorist financing. He stressed the Treasury’s intent to collaborate with the crypto industry to improve privacy without facilitating illicit activities.

“There is a difference between obfuscation and anonymity enhancing services that support privacy,” Nelson said. He stressed the importance of ensuring that mixers are not used to evade anti-money laundering (AML) and know-your-customer (KYC) regulations, which can attract bad actors, including North Korea.

“It’s not that everybody needs to know who you’re transacting with,” Nelson explained, “just that people and VASPs alike need to know they’re not ‘unwittingly’ funding Hamas or North Korea’s weapons program.”


The U.S. Treasury’s stance on crypto mixing services highlights a nuanced approach to balancing transparency and privacy in the cryptocurrency industry. By proposing rules that enhance transparency without imposing a blanket ban, the Treasury aims to mitigate money laundering risks while respecting users’ privacy concerns. Collaboration between regulators and the crypto industry will be crucial in developing solutions that ensure security and compliance without stifling innovation.

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Marisol Navaro
Marisol Navaro
Marisol Navaro is a young 21-year-old writer who is passionate about following in Satoshi's footsteps in the cryptocurrency industry. With a drive to learn and understand the latest trends and developments, Marisol provides fresh insights and perspectives on the world of cryptocurrency.

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